Tuesday, June 2, 2009

picture vs verbal cues

Effects of Verbal Cues versus Pictorial Cues on the Transfer of Stimulus Control for Children with Autism

West, E.
Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, Volume 23, Issue 4, p.229-241 (2008)

Picture cues during therapy may help children with autism learn and perform tasks.

Children with autism learn to independently perform tasks by getting instruction from others, and then moving to cues or reminders of what they are supposed to do. Verbal and picture cues have been used during therapy to help the children work by themseleves as they learn a task. This study looked to see which worked better: picture cues or verbal cues. The study also tested whether the learning lasted and was generalized over several therapy sessions. Four children (3-6 years old) were taught a new task using the two different cues during several therapy sessions. Three children learned a task using the visual cues, while the fourth child was successful with verbal cues. The results showed that most of the children with autism were good at learning from pictures.

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